What happens when your kid doesn’t get enough sleep? Does he turn into Oscar the Grouch? Not a surprise, really. But moodiness isn’t the only downside of a lack of shuteye.
Sleep is critical for mental and physical development. In fact, a lack of sleep can lead to serious health problems such as high blood pressure, injuries, diabetes, and obesity in kids, as well as depression in teens (and adults).1,2
Sleep guidelines for kids. About a year ago, the American Academy of Pediatrics came out with new sleep guidelines for kids. In case you missed it, here’s what they now recommend:
Infants 4 to 12 months: 12 to 16 hours (including naps)
Kids 1 to 2 years: 11 to 14 hours (including naps)
Kids 3 to 5 years: 10 to 13 hours (including naps)
Kids 6 to 12 years: 9 to 12 hours
Teens: 8 to 10 hours1
Guidelines are more challenging to devise for infants younger than four months. That’s because there is so much variation among young infants as they begin to develop regular sleep-wake cycles. 1,2
Signs of sleeplessness. How can you tell if your child isn’t getting enough sleep? Here are some telltale signs. Your child may:
Have trouble waking up and getting moving within 15 minutes.
Sleep at least two hours longer during weekends or vacations than during the school week.
Fall asleep during short car trips or at school.
Have trouble remembering, paying attention, and learning.
Be irritable or hyperactive.1,3
About that hyperactivity—that’s counterintuitive and can really throw parents. When you’re tired, you probably slow down. But kids can really wind up when they haven’t gotten enough sleep, and will resist going bedtime, even if they’re bone-tired. This sign can look a lot like attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder